January 3, 2020

Here are 7 signs that might indicate that you have gum disease

By Akeem Ajayi D.D.S

Table of Contents

Bleeding while brushing or flossing: 

Bleeding while brushing or flossing: with gum disease, your gum will swell  called gingival swelling. Your gums will  bleed more easily when brushing or flossing your teeth and/or while eating hard food. Sometimes you may experience sensitivity but rarely pain.

bleeding-gums-anterior-tooth-swollen-red-min

Gums that are receding: 

Gums that are receding or pulling away from the teeth, causing the teeth to look longer than before.Gum recession is when the margin of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth wears away, or pulls back, exposing more of the tooth, or the tooth’s root. When gums recede, gaps can form between teeth, and teeth becomes more sensitive as more root surfaces are exposed.

Loose teeth or separating teeth

Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the gum and/or bone tissues that surround and support your teeth. When you have this condition, it will cause your gum tissues to detach from the teeth as plaque and tartar formation increases and bone support is lost. As more bone is lost, teeth gradually become loose and are unable to withstand normal biting forces. teeth that are not securely attached in the bone socket move/shift. Before  this happens you need to see your dentist for a comprehensive periodontal evaluation at the earliest sign (Gum recession) of gum disease (periodontitis).

Persistent bad breath : 

One of the primary sources of halitosis (bad breath) is  the odor-causing bacteria that cause gum disease. Unhealthy gums provide a medium for these bacteria to reproduce and multiply. If you notice a persistent bad breath/ taste in your mouth, or people shy away when you talk to them, a likely culprit is periodontal disease. If left untreated, the disease can damage more bone and you can lose your teeth.

bad breath with kid closing her nose

A change in the way your teeth fit together

When you bite, the way your teeth fit together when you close your mouth is called your bite or occlusion. Like everyone else, your bite is unique to you like your fingerprint. If you feel your occlusion or bite has changed in recent times, it could have been affected by periodontal disease or advanced gum disease. Periodontal disease causes bone loss around your teeth and might lead to  misalign bite

misaligned-teeth-with-gum-showing-bite

Pus between your gums and teeth:

Pus pocket on the gums, commonly known as gum abscess and medically known as periodontal abscess, is a condition where there is localized inflammation with formation of  pus in the tissues (periodontal tissues) which support your teeth. Pus pocket in the gums causes soreness, redness and pain in the gums and in the tooth involved. The tooth can also feel loose and there can be pain felt upon biting or chewing. Pus oozing from between the teeth is a definitive sign that a periodontal infection is in progress.this is usually a sign of the body trying to fight the bacterial infection.

pus between gums and teeth

Teeth Sensitivity:

Gum (gingival) recession is when gums recede from the tops of the teeth enough to expose sensitive roots. People typically experience increased sensitivity to sugary or cold foods when gums no longer cover and protect teeth roots. In addition, untreated gum recession may lead to loosening of teeth and you may have accelerated tooth decay because the covering of the tooth roots is not as strong as the covering of the tooth crown.

lady holding popsicle reacting to a sensitve tooth holding her jaw

What is periodontal disease

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It’s typically caused by poor brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and when it hardens, it becomes tartar which is difficult to remove. In advanced stages of periodontal diseases, you may experience soreness, bleeding gums; chewing problems from mal aligned teeth; and even tooth/teeth loss. Gum infections do not always cause pain, but the symptoms and signs listed above are some symptoms to watch out for. Deep Cleaning also known as gum treatment is usually the prescriped treatment at the early stages of gum disease. Seek help now, don’t wait as it cost more to treat as it advances.

Periodontal disease is a very common oral diseases, If you have been told you have periodontal (gum) disease, you are not alone. Many adults in the U.S. currently have some form of the disease A study titled Prevalence of Periodontitis in Adults in the United States: 2009 and 2010 estimates that 47.2 percent, or 64.7 million American adults, have mild, moderate or severe periodontitis, the more advanced form of periodontal disease. 

Periodontal diseases range from simple gum inflammation to serious disease that results in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth. In the worst cases, teeth are lost. Whether your gum disease is stopped, slowed, or gets worse depends a great deal on how well you care for your teeth and gums every day, from this point forward.

Sources: 

https://oralb.com/en-us/oral-health/conditions/gums/receding-gums-symptoms-causes-treatments#close

https://www.healthline.com/health/gums-swollen

lady experiencing wisdom tooth pain on jaw

Do you think you have gum disease ?

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